Screening for sexually transmitted diseases can involve:
- Pelvic and physical exams
- Blood sample
- Urine sample
- Fluid or tissue testing
Pap tests and pelvic exams do not test for all STDs. STDs can threaten your pregnancy and your unborn child's health, as well as cause complications during labor. The harmful effects of an STD can be prevented with routine prenatal care, including screening tests for STDs early in pregnancy and close to delivery.
A pap test checks the cervix for cell abnormalities. Abnormal cells can develop on the cervix and lead to cervical cancer if they are not found and treated. Cervical cancer can almost always be prevented, and having regular pap tests is the key to ensuring the health and safety of you and your child.